Top 10 Rarest Dog Breeds Of All Time 2023

Top 10 Rarest Dog Breeds Of All Time 2023. There are between 202 and 344 dog breeds that are legally recognized all over the world.

However, the exact number varies depending on whose organization you ask.

There are a few of these dog breeds that are believed to be rare; nevertheless, we decided to only cover the unusual breeds for which there is information accessible concerning their population sizes.

The number of several of the breeds that are included on this list is only in the low thousands, and some of them are even considered to be endangered.

In general, the rareness of the dogs on this list can be attributed to either the highly specialized breeding practices of the breed’s owners or a general lack of awareness regarding the breed.

1. Skye Terrier

Rarest Dog Breeds
Rarest Dog Breeds
  • Current Numbers: 3,000 – 4,000
  • Country of Origin: Scotland
  • Price: sources vary – $700 – $900 on the low end and $1,500 – $2,000 on the high end
  • Average Lifespan: 12 – 14 years

In comparison to other types of terriers, the Skye Terrier has been practically unchanged for over 400 years.

This is a significantly longer time period. Because of its extremely lengthy coat, the Skye Terrier’s popularity has significantly declined in recent years, while other breeds of terriers have become increasingly attractive.

The Skye Terrier is one of the native breeds of the United Kingdom that is most at risk of extinction, according to the Kennel Club of the United Kingdom.

In days gone by, the Skye Terrier could be found just about anywhere in Scotland, and legend has it that even Queen Victoria kept a kennel full of the breed.

Mary, Queen of Scots allegedly had a Skye Terrier hidden under her skirt when she was executed, according to Gail Marshall, who is the secretary of the Scottish division of the Skye Terriers Club.

Mary was executed in 1587. According to Marshall, one of the primary reasons that there are fewer Skye Terriers in existence now is that people aren’t as familiar with the breed as they once were.

2. Canaan Dog

Rarest Dog Breeds
Rarest Dog Breeds
  • Current Numbers: 2,000 – 3,000
  • Country of Origin: Ancient Canaan (modern-day Israel, Palestine, and Jordan)
  • Price: $700 – $1,200
  •  Average Lifespan: 12 – 15 years

Canaan Dogs are such an ancient and rare breed that their history can be traced all the way back to the time before the bible was even written.

Drawings of the Canaan Dog have been found that date back to roughly 2,000 to 2,200 BCE. These canines are said to have originated in Ancient Canaan, which is an area that spans what is now the countries of Israel, Palestine, and Jordan.

It is also speculated that the Canaan Dog may have been one of the breeds that were instrumental in the beginning of the bond between people and dogs.

Because the Canaan Dog breed is so ancient, it has not been modified in any way by human hands and retains its original, unadulterated form.

Canaan Dogs have been utilized throughout history in a variety of roles, including that of sentries, messengers, support dogs, and landmine detectors.

Following the end of World War II, Canaan dogs were developed specifically to be used as guide dogs for the visually impaired.

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3. Lagotto Romagnolo

Rarest Dog Breeds
Rarest Dog Breeds
  • Current Numbers: worldwide numbers unknown but about 500 in the United States
  • Country of Origin: Italy
  • Price: sources vary – $500 – $700 on the low end and $1,800 – $2,500 on the high end
  • Average Lifespan: 15 – 17 years

The Lagotto Romagnolo is a breed of dog that was developed in Italy specifically for the purpose of locating truffles, which are among the most difficult to obtain and expensive foods in the world.

The only canines in the world that are specifically bred for the task of hunting truffles are Lagotto Romagnolos.

The Lagotto Romagnolo is easily recognizable by its distinctively curly coat and teddy bear-like appearance.

The Lagotto Romagnolo is a dog of the working class with a high degree of intelligence and attentiveness, despite the fact that it has a cute appearance.

Even though the Lagotto Romagnolo’s beginnings are shrouded in mystery, it is generally accepted that the breed has been in existence for several centuries.

There are written accounts from the 5th and 6th centuries of a little water dog that had a crimped and bristly coat.

These accounts trace back to the time period. In addition, there is a painting of a Lagotto Romagnolo that dates back to the 1600s.

4. Azawakh

Rarest Dog Breeds
  • Current Numbers: low thousands (about 300 in North America)
  • Country of Origin: West Africa (Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso)
  • Price: sources vary – $600 – $800 on the low end and $2,000 – $3,000+ on the high end
  • Average Lifespan: 12 – 15 years

Not only is the Azawakh a breed of dog that is extremely hard to find, but it is also one of the oldest dog breeds in the entire globe.

Over a thousand years ago, this ancient breed of hunting hound emerged in the countries of Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso in West Africa. The Azawakh Valley, which is located in the Sahara Desert, is where the breed got its name.

The Azawakh is a member of the Sighthound family and has a trim and tall build. The Azawakh were initially used as camp guards in addition to their duties of preventing livestock theft and warding off predators.

Because Azawakhs are so rare, they were not available for purchase in the United States prior to the 1980s, hence the breed did not exist there.

Azawakhs were not allowed to leave Africa until Dr. Pecar, a Yugoslavian ambassador who had been stationed in Burkina Faso, brought his Azawakh home with him. Prior to this, Azawakhs could only be obtained through the exchange of gifts.

5. Mudi

Rarest Dog Breeds
Rarest Dog Breeds
  • Current Numbers: no more than a few thousand
  • Country of Origin: Hungary
  • Price: sources vary – $800 – $1,000 on the low end and over $2,600 on the high end
  • Average Lifespan: 12 – 14 years

It is believed that the Puli, the Pumi, and the German Spitz all contributed to the development of the Mudi, a rare breed of dog that originates in Hungary.

Dogs had been bred in Hungary sometime between the fourth and sixth centuries, although pedigree breeding and classification did not begin until the nineteenth century.

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In the beginning, only the Puli and the Pumi were recognized as Hungarian sheepdogs, and very few people were interested in the Mudi, which was termed the “third type” of Hungarian sheepdog.

However, Dr. Deszo Fényesi, who was the director of the museum in Balassagyarmat at the time, was one of the first people to start breeding the Mudi in different groups around the year 1930.

In 1936, the Mudi was given official recognition as a breed unto itself for the first time.

6. Norwegian Lundehund

Rarest Dog Breeds
Rarest Dog Breeds
  • Current Numbers: about 1,400
  • Country of Origin: Norway
  • Price: sources vary – $400 – $600 on the low end and $1,200 – $1,500 on the high end
  • Average Lifespan: 12 – 15 years

The Norwegian Lundehund, also known as a Puffin Dog, was developed over the course of several centuries on the island of Vaeroy, which is located in Norway.

The island is home to a sizable population of puffins, and the inhabitants traditionally survived the harsh Arctic winters by eating meat that had been pickled in puffin fat.

The only method to reach the puffins that nested on Vaeroy’s cliffs was with a Norwegian Lundehund, which was a traditional dog sled.

The Norwegian Lundehund is a nimble and small dog that, because of its athleticism and compact build, was able to scale the cliffs and fit into the cracks to retrieve the puffins.

The adaptability of the Norwegian Lundehund is undoubtedly one of the breed’s most distinguishing qualities.

Lundehunds have the unique ability to tilt their heads so far back that they can reach their own spine.

In addition, Norwegian Lundehunds have the ability to fold their ears over and move them freely in front of or behind their head.

7. Cesky Terrier

Rarest Dog Breeds
  • Current Numbers: less than 1,300
  • Country of Origin: Czech Republic
  • Price: sources vary – $300 – $500 on the low end and $1,200 – $2,000 on the high end
  • Average Lifespan: 12 – 15 years

The Cesky Terrier is an extremely rare breed of little terrier that was originally created in the Czech Republic for the purpose of hunting in the Bohemian forests.

The breed of dog known as the Cesky Terrier is said to have been developed by a man named Frantisek Horak.

Horak bought his first Scottish Terrier in 1932, and he spent the next several years learning everything he could about the breed.

He started breeding Scottish Terriers once he was satisfied that the dogs could successfully hunt hare, fox, and red deer in the Bohemian woods.

In 1940, Horak purchased a Sealyham, and he continued to study this breed for the next nine years before deciding that he was ready to breed it with a Scottish Terrier in order to create the ideal hunting dog.

Horak persevered through a number of iterations of breeding a Scottie with a Sealyham until he was content with the combination of traits exhibited by the offspring of these two breeds.

After a lot of hard effort, Horak was eventually rewarded in 1963 when the Cesky Terrier was officially acknowledged as a breed for the first time by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI).

8. Chinook

Rarest Dog Breeds
  • Current Numbers: about 1,200
  • Country of Origin: New Hampshire, USA
  • Price: sources vary – $800 – $1,000 on the low end and $1,700 – $2,200 on the high end
  • Average Lifespan: 12 – 15 years

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Arthur Treadwell Walden, a sled dog driver, author, explorer, and innkeeper from Wonalancet, New Hampshire, is credited with creating the Chinook sled dog breed.

The Chinook is an extremely rare breed of sled dog. One of the dogs that Walden employed in the process of establishing the Chinook breed was a direct descendent of Polaris, the Greenland husky that served as the lead dog for Admiral Peary’s expedition.

One of the founder dogs was a mastiff-type dog, and on January 17, 1917, he and the other founding dog had a litter.

In honor of one of Walden’s former sled dogs, Chinook, one of the male puppies was given that moniker.

Every single Chinook can trace their ancestry back to the original Chinook guy. The Chinook was acknowledged by Guinness World Records as the rarest canine breed in the world in the year 1965. This was due to the breed’s limited pedigree.

9. Peruvian Inca Orchid

  • Current Numbers: about 1,000
  • Country of Origin: Peru
  • Price: sources vary – $600 – $800 on the low end and upwards of $3,000 on the high end
  •  Average Lifespan: 12 – 14 years

The Peruvian Inca Orchid of Peruvian Hairless Dog is a breed that is not very well known, which is likely the reason for the breed’s limited population.

There are just 1,000 Peruvian Inca Orchids that have been registered across the world. The Peruvian Inca Orchid is the country’s official canine representative, as its name suggests, and the breed has a lengthy history in the region.

The Moche, Incan, Chimu, and Chancay cultures have left extensive written records on the Peruvian Inca Orchids.

The earliest known illustration of a Peruvian Inca Orchid dates all the way back to the year 750 CE. According to the breed’s history, the first hairless dogs in Peru were few.

However, in later generations, they were mixed with the dogs that the Spanish Conquistadors brought with them, which led to a larger size of the breed.

Because of this cross-pollination, Peruvian Inca Orchids can now be found in three different sizes.

10.  Otterhound

Rarest Dog Breeds
  • Current Numbers: fewer than 800
  • Country of Origin: United Kingdom
  • Price: sources vary – $500 – $600 on the low end and $1,500 – $4,500 on the high end
  • Average Lifespan: 10 – 13 years

The Otterhound is the world’s rarest dog breed, and it is also one of the breeds that are at the most risk of extinction.

There are only about 800 Otterhounds surviving in existence today. Otterhounds were originally created for the purpose of hunting otters in the United Kingdom, which is also where the majority of the breed’s present population can be found.

During the middle ages in England, the otter population was allowed to grow unchecked, and they fed on river fish, which were a significant source of food.

It’s possible that the Otterhound’s genealogy dates all the way back to the 12th century, but the breed we know today didn’t come into being until the late 18th century.

It is widely held that Otterhounds are descended from the Bloodhound as well as many rough-coated French hound breeds and the now-extinct Southern Hound.

Top 10 Rarest Dog Breeds Of All Time 2023 –




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